George T. Caldwell, MD (1939, 1940)
Dr. George Thomas Caldwell was born on December 18, 1882 in Cabel, Ohio, a small village near Urbana, to William Caldwell and Agnes Allison Caldwell. He married Janet Anderson, whom he met at Baylor University College of Medicine. They were married on September 4, 1919 in La Crosse, Wisconsin, and later had a daughter, Dr. Marian (Mrs. John T.) Ellis of Dallas. Dr. Caldwell died of coronary occlusion on January 20, 1947 in Dallas.
Medical Education & Practice
While obtaining his multiple degrees, Dr. Caldwell taught grade school, an experience that influenced how he taught his medical school classes. After graduating high school in 1900, he taught full-time before enrolling in Otterbein University in Westernville, Ohio in 1902. He stayed at Otterbein for two years and then went back to teaching. He eventually completed his bachelor’s degree in chemistry at Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio in 1910 and, in the process, obtained a Life Certificate for Common School Teacher in Ohio. From 1910 to 1912, Dr. Caldwell taught science at the high school level before returning to school at Ohio State University to complete a MA degree in chemistry.
In 1919 he earned a PhD from The University of Chicago and a MD degree from Rush Medical College in Chicago. He specialized in pathology and physiology and worked predominantly with tuberculosis patients. After graduating, Dr. Caldwell was recruited by Dr. Cary to join the faculty at Baylor University Medical School in Dallas as the first scientifically trained full-time faculty member of the medical school. His wife, Dr. Janet Caldwell, also a pathologist, assisted him in the lab, and became the director of the laboratory at Baylor University Hospital. When Baylor Medical College moved to Houston in 1943, Dr. Caldwell stayed in Dallas and served as the first chairman of the Department of Pathology at Southwestern Medical College.
Dr. Caldwell served as consulting pathologist at Bradford Memorial Hospital for babies, Parkland Hospital, and the Texas Scottish Rite Hospital. He was also surgeon in the United State Public Health Service. He was certified in clinical and anatomic pathology by the American Board of Pathology and became a member of the American Society of Clinical Pathologists in 1927.
Among the many societies and committees on which he served, Dr. Caldwell was a member of the State Medical Association and the American Medical Association through the Dallas County Medical Society. He served as secretary of the Section on Pathology of the State Medical Association in 1928 and of the Section on Clinical Pathology in 1942. He was a member of the American Society of Clinical Pathologists, American Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists, American Society of Tropical Medicine, American Public Health Association, American College of Pathologists, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Genetic Society, American Association of University Professors, Southern Medical Association, and Dallas Southern Clinical Society. He also served on the board of the Texas division of the American Cancer Society and was chairman of the Council on Nursing Education at Baylor University School of Nursing.
Texas Society of Pathologists
Dr. Caldwell was a charter member of the TSP and served in varying capacities. Dr. Caldwell joined the TSP, known as the State Pathological Society of Texas, in 1922 and became an official member in 1926. In 1927 Dr. Caldwell was among the four members of the then dis-banned Society that signed a resolution calling for the State Medical Association of Texas to Reinstate the Section on Pathology that had been abolished in 1917. The section on pathology was authorized for the 1928 session, and Dr. Caldwell was elected secretary-treasurer.
On May 16, 1934, the Society was reorganized after a several year hiatus. Dr. Caldwell served as the secretary-treasurer. Dr. Caldwell served as the president of the newly re-named Texas Society of Pathologists in 1939 and again in 1940. During his time as President and afterwards, Dr. Caldwell conducted the Tumor Seminar during the TSP meetings.
Upon his death on January 26, 1947, the TSP unanimously voted that an annual scientific award be designated as the George T. Caldwell, MD Award.
Caldwell, G. T. (1919). Chemical changes in tuberculous tissues. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 24(2), 81-113.
Caldwell, G. T., & Roberts, J. D. (1938). Rhinosporidiosis in the United States: Report of a Case Originating in Texas. Journal of the American Medical Association, 110(20), 1641-1644
Deter, R. L., Caldwell, G. T., & Folsom, A. I. (1946). A clinical and pathological study of the posterior female urethra. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 1(6), 907-908.